This series of the best players from the past in European basketball we normally see men who have won, at least, one European Cup. But, since every rule has an exception today I want to write about a basketball maestro that never won the crown but who was, indeed, a great player: Josip Djerdja, “Pino” for his friends and all the basketball family. About the spelling of his name, it is something difficult to solve. In the official page of the club of his life, KK Zadar, they spell it Giuseppe Giergia, but some other sources spell it as Gjergja. The problem exists because of two reasons: his family is of Albanian origin and his ancestors moved, who knows when, to Zadar, the city on the Dalmaitian coast, where they formed a town called Arbanasi, currently a part of the city.
Josip Djerdja was born there on November 24, 1937 when Zadar belonged to Italy. That’s where the Italian version of his name comes from, Giuseppe. After World War II, when Zadar joined Yugoslavia, he was re-named Josip. In the FIBA webpage his entry goes under Josip Djerdja. I saw him play and later knew him as Josip Djerdja so I will stick to this one, which is surely more phonetic than ortographic, but however you choose to spell his name and last name one thing remains true: he was a great player.
A gift from the USA
Basketball arrived to Zadar in 1929, but its true development arrived after the war. Djerdja had an aunt in the United States who, in 1955, sent him a very original gift: a 16mm tape about the Boston Celtics and, especially, their leader Bob Cousy. Djerdja was already a basketball player, but when he managed to see the tape by scoring some time in the local cinema during the morning when nobody was there, he realized that he hardly knew how to play the game. He fell in love with Cousy, his technique, his way of handling the ball, his passes, his dribbling, his court vision. He decided that he would “play like Cousy” and dedicated months and months to individual work. Whenever he could, he saw the tape again to study Cousy’s technique and discovered that the secret was “the extended hand”. That avoided the ball clashing with the legs or the body. Little by little, Djerdja became a master with the ball. Even though he was rather short at 1.76 metres, he was a good rebounder which, matched with his fighting character, turned him into an attractive option for any team.
Radivoj Korac of OKK Belgrade was a great scorer, Ivo Daneu of Union Olimpija Ljubljana a very complete player, but I agree with those who saw that a third man should be included in the “Trio of Saints”. And that man was Djerdja. Already in 1958, Djerdja made the Yugoslav national team at the 1960 Olympics in Rome, and was an important piece in the first success of the team (sixth place). In Rome he could see Oscar Robertson, the other American magician. His style was different and attractive, fun. He was a showman who did almost everything in the air. He was always there for rebounds, hardly ever shot with his legs on the floor, his penetrations were unstoppable, his solutions against much bigger men, unbelievable. With a strong character, he was always ready to fight with rivals, referees or even the crowds. He was a player hated by many fans but respected because of his enormous talent.
When, in the spring of 1964, the USA sent a great team with NBA stars to tour Eastern Europe and repair the reputation of American basketball after the bad performance at the Rio World Championship, Djerdja was the happiest one. The Ameircan team would be featuring his idol, Bob Cousy! With him, Bill Russell, Tom Heinsohn, KC Jones, Oscar Robertson, Jerry Lucas, Bob Petit, Tom Gola… On the bench, the great Boston Celtics coach, Red Auerbach. Cousy and Auerbach could not believe that a Yugoslav kid knew so much about them. Years later, Djerdja would spend 18 days in Boston, invited by Auerbach, his basketball father, as some would say.
Waiting for Cosic
In the late 1950s and early ’60s, the Yugoslav League was dominated by Korac’s OKK Belgrade and Daneu’s Olimpija. Between 1957 and 1964 they won four titles each. In 1965, the title went to Zadar for the first time. Djerdja was back from the military service and the team had the likes of the Marcelic brothers, Stipcevic, Komazec (Arian’s father), Valcic, Kosta, Marko Ostarcevic (known in Spain as the husband of artist Norma Duval) and a young boy named Kresimir Cosic. He was less than 17 years old, but his enormous talent could be seen from afar. He was thin, no muscles, but with great intelligence and talent. Zadar finished first, with an 18-4 record, two losses fewer than Olimpija. The best scorer was Korac with 695 points (34.8), Djerdja was sixth in total points (478) but since he had played 19 games, his average was 25.2, second best. The most important thing however was the birth of a great duo formed by Djerdja and Cosic. Djerdja was 11 years older, but the following 10 years they were an unbelievable duo that could win titles by themselves. It was the perfect combination of point guard and center. But Cosic was no ordinary center, he was way ahead of his time. He was Arvydas Sabonis 20 years earlier and with 10 centimeters less. He was the first center to play far from the basket, had great court vision and was a generous passer, but also a great rebounder with big hands. Djerdja was the opposite: small but with excellent technique. He hardly turned the ball over and scored many points. If I had to compare him to a current player I would say he was the Tony Parker of his time.
Djerdja was World Championships runner-up with Yugoslavia in 1963 in Rio de Janeiro (8.8 points) and took part in the Tokyo Olympics of 1964 (9.9 points), the Moscow EuroBasket (silver, 10.3 points) and the World Championship in Montevideo, where he coincided with the young Cosic. They won the silver medal, but together they brought happiness to Zadar fans. They were Yugoslav League champs in 1967 (Cosic 21.2, Djerdja 17.3), 1968 (Cosic 21.3, Djerdja 17.4), 1974 (Cosic 23.1, Djerdja 18.9) and 1975 with a 25-1 record (Cosic 24.1, Djerdja 14.3 at 38 years old). In 1970 they won the Yugoslav Cup against Jugoplastika by 64-60 playing in Split. Djerdja scored 23 points including the last 6 after a 57-57 tie and Cosic added 19. I guess it was in those days that the famous sentence was born: “God created man and Zadar created basketball.”
Rivalry with Real Madrid
Zadar never won the old European Cup because it was unlucky to coincide with the great Real Madrid of Pedro Ferrandiz. It reached semifinals several times, but Real Madrid was a better team.Real eliminated Zadar in 1967, 1968 and 1969 and also in 1975 in two unforgettable games. The first game, played in Madrid on March 20, Real Madrid won 109-82 with a great Walter Sczerbiak, who scored 45 points, while Cosic stayed at 17 and Djerdja 8. Seven days later in Zadar, in front of 6,000 fans who created a great atmosphere, Zadar thought that it could come back from minus 21. To do that it didn’t hesitate to do anything it could, including the manipulation of a clock, whose second hand ran so slow that one second one the clock lasted for two real seconds. Real Madrid had already lived a similar experience against OKK Belgrade on March 21, 1965 when the game lasted for 113 minutes. Zadar’s clock was even slower: the game finished after 131 minutes. The complaints of Ferrandiz were useless in front of the indifference of referees Topuzoglu (Turkey) and Anheuser (Germany) and the commissioner, Lambeaux of Belgium. At the break, Zadar was winning by three (68-65!) but in the end, quality prevailed over lack of sportsmanship and Real Madrid took the never-ending game by 117-130 with the great Wayne Brabender scoring 41 points, followed by Sczerbiak with 26, Clifford Luyk with 25 and Rafa Rullan with 18. The duo of Cosic (31) and Djerdja (24) did its part, but Real Madrid had two more men: Camilo Cabrera (12 points) and Juan Antonio Corbalan (8). I remember the game, watched it on TV. So many masters of the game deserved to be remembered because of their talent, not because of the unsportsmanlike attempted swindle.
With 18 seasons in Zadar, Pino Djerdja shares the record of the longest tenure with one team in the Yugoslav League with Bogdan Miller of Olimpija. With 6,640 points in 315 games (21.1) he is the third best scorer of the Yugoslav League after Vinko Jelovac (Olimpija) and Radmilo Misovic (Borac Cacak). Between 1968 and 1970 he played two seasons in humble Gorizia of Italy and helped the team reach first division, but after that he was back to his Zadar.
In the summer of 1966 he was about to play in Italy for Cantu. The coach of the team by then was Borislav Stankovic, the future FIBA secretary general, who knew Djerdja well. His idea was to try to convert Djerdja into an Italian player using the fact that Zadar was Italian when Djerdja was born. The rules only allowed for only one foreigner and Stankovic had alrready signed American center Bob Burgess.
“Djerdja was a great player, atypical,” Stankovic remembers. “He was an unbelievable mix of an individualist and a team player. His plays were unpredictable. He had great technique and imagination with no limits. He was a great leader. He spent the winter with us because the Yugsolav League was played during the summer. He played some tourneys and friendly games but to obtain the Italian nationality he had to reject the Yugsolav one, and he didn’t want to do it.”
Both Djerdja and Stankovic, among others, are protagonists of a great documentary that premiered last week in Belgrade with the title “We Were World Champions”, dedicated to the development of Yugoslav basketball from 1945 to 1970, the year of the World Championships in Ljubljana.
After putting an end to his brilliant career, Djerdja stayed in basketball as coach of Zadar, PAOK Thessaloniki and Livorno. He was national coach of Yugoslavia at the 1983 EuroBasket but finished seventh because the Golden Generation was in its twilight (Cosic, Slavnic, Kicanovic, Dalipagic…) while the youngsters like Drazen Petrovic had just started. With Croatia, he won the bronze medal at the World Championships in Toronto, Canada in 1994 with a great generation led by Toni Kukoc and Dino Radja. His son Dario (who, by the way, has been registered in the Eurocup as Gjergja) is the current coach of Telenet Ostend, while his other son, Roko, also played basketball. Pino Djerdja is still living in Zadar. He is willing, at 78 years old, to challenge anyone older than 40 to play a one-on-one.
Basketball still runs through his veins.
(December 9, 2013)